Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2016)                   TB 2016, 15(2): 45-57 | Back to browse issues page

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BaghianiMoghadam M, Khabiri F, Morovati Sharifabad M, Dehghan A, Falahzadeh H. Determination of social variables affected the health belief model in adopting preventive behaviors of osteoporosis. TB 2016; 15 (2) :45-57
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2194-en.html
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. , farahnaz_khabiri@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3898 Views)

Introduction: Osteoporosis is one of the most common musculoskeletal problem and a metabolic bone disorder that normally is without sign and is shown with fragile bone in the absence of prevention and treatment. This study was aimed to determine social variables affected the health belief model in adopting preventive behaviors of osteoporosis.

Methods: This descriptive study was carried out on 278 women referring to 6 health Centers of Yazd city with random sampling. Data collection was using a self-reported questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS 16 software including Kruskall Wallis, Dunn Tests, Mann Whitney, Spearman correlation coefficient and regression.

Results: Among the osteoporosis preventive behaviors, the most frequency was related to non smoking actions or exposure to cigarette and the lowest frequency was related to regular physical activity during every weeks. According to spearman's correlation coefficient, it was occurred a direct significant correlation between knowledge, perceived benefits, practical guide, self efficacy and preventive behaviors of women. In addition, a reverse significant correlation was occurred between perceived barrier and women's behavior (P<0.001). Overall, variables of the model predicted 0.36 of preventive behavior's variables and finally self-efficacy was the strongest prediction of behavior (P=0.000).

Conclusion: according to the results, the presentation of suitable educational program with emphasize on promotion of knowledge and upgrade of HBM's level in addition increasing barriers in the context of diseases such as osteoporosis by staff of health centers is suggested.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/07/19 | Accepted: 2016/07/19 | Published: 2016/07/19

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