Volume 16, Issue 5 (1-2018)                   TB 2018, 16(5): 26-37 | Back to browse issues page

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mohammadi F, gholian aval M, esmayili H, vahedian shahrudi M. The assessment of safety behaviors in Tabas coal miners based on the health action model. TB. 2018; 16 (5) :26-37
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1946-en.html
Ph.D , vahedianm@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2694 Views)
Introduction: occupational accidents significantly affect workers' health and it costs a lot of money to employers. One of the most important ways to prevent occupational accidents is to strengthen safety behaviors among workers. Behavioral intention is one of the main behavioral determinants. The present study aims to investigate safety behaviors in Tabas coal miners based on patterns of healthy behavior model.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 200 Tabas coal miners who were selected by random sampling in 2015. A healthy behavior pattern questionnaire was used to collect data in which healthy behavior patterns were investigated in coal miners to adopt safe behaviors and to predict behavioral intention. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics,  Mann-Whitney, Kruskal Wallis and linear regression test in SPSS16 software.
Findings: The mean age and work experience of workers were 30.22 ± 4.68 and 5.20 ± 3.96, respectively. The mean of Self Efficacy score was 27.38 ± 4.37 and the mean score of behavior was 8.52 ± 0.88. Workers were in a relatively safe behavior. The factors of "attitude system", "belief system" and "normative system" explained 37% of safe behavior intention among workers (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: The results of the study supported the pattern of healthy behavior as an effective model for explaining behavioral intention. This pattern can be used as a framework for designing beneficial safety interventions.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/02/21 | Accepted: 2016/03/5 | Published: 2018/01/20

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