Volume 18, Issue 4 (11-2019)                   TB 2019, 18(4): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page

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Mazloomi Mahmoodabad S S, Asadpoor M, Mahbobi rad M, mobini lotfabad M. The Study Predictors of Fast-Food Consumption based on the Prototype/Willingness Model in Students of Public Health School, Rafsanjan City, Iran. TB 2019; 18 (4) :1-11
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2531-en.html
, mahmoodmahbobi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3136 Views)

Introduction: In recent decades, a significant increase has been observed in the average weight of people due to fast food consumption, which increases the risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Given the importance of this issue, this study was conducted to investigate the predictors of fast food consumption based on the Prototype/Willingness Model   among students the School of Public Health in Rafsanjan City.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 129 students from Rafsanjan School of Public Health were studied using the census method. The data were collected using a researcher-made   questionnaire by self-report. Data analysis was conducted using the SPSS  version 20 and statistical tests of correlation and regression analysis.
Results: According to the Prototype/Willingness Model, the mean and standard deviations of the attitude, positive perceptions, tendencies to fast food consumption, intention to not consume fast food, and negative mental norms about fast food consumption were 13.76±3.61, 17± 4.35, 7.4 ±1.58, 6.27± 4.19, and 7± 3.11, respectively. Considering the scores of the Prototype/Willingness Model, the attitude construct had the best score with 68.8% of the total attainable score. Based on the results of the correlations, a significant positive correlation was found between  the intention  to  avoid consuming fast food and negative subjective norms to fast food consumption. Moreover, a  significant negative correlation was observed between the constructs of attitude, positive images, and willingness to fast food consumption. Linear regression analysis showed that all constructs of the studied model  could predict  0.40% of the variance in the intention to avoid consuming  fast food. In this regard, the  negative subjective norms to fast food consumption  was strongest construct.
Conclusion: Subjective norm is defined as one's important individuals' belief about performing a behavior . Thus, subjective norms changes in the negative direction towards consuming fast foods is effective based on  the Prototype/Willingness Model.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/06/20 | Accepted: 2017/07/30 | Published: 2020/04/26

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