Volume 21, Issue 2 (8-2022)                   TB 2022, 21(2): 85-98 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 7723
Ethics code: IR.SSU.REC.1399.009


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Ghelmani S Y, Soleymani Salehabadi H, Moazen H, Nazmiah H, Fallah Tafti T, Kabirzadeh A et al . Evaluation of Risk Factors Related to Life Status of Patients With COVID-19 Hospitalized in Yazd. TB 2022; 21 (2) :85-98
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3308-en.html
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences , h.moazen64@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (648 Views)
Introduction: Following the epidemic crisis and the outbreak of Coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) in Iran and other provinces, the statistics of the patients showed that Yazd is among the top few provinces in the country in terms of the prevalence and incidence of this deadly disease. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the risk factors related to the life status of patients with coronavirus.
Methods: In this cross-sectional analytical study, demographic, clinical, and biochemical information of 932 patients who were infected with COVID-19 from May 2018 to March  2019 and were hospitalized in Shahid Sadoughi Hospital in Yazd were examined. Information was recorded through patients’ records or telephone calls. Data analysis was performed by independent t-test, Mann-Whitney, Chi-square, and logistic regression using SPSS-22 software.
Results: Based on the results 57.9% (N=540) of patients were male and the mean age of all patients was 53.33 (19 ± 0.15) years, and also 9.6% (N=82) of patients died. The risk of death for patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU) was 75 times higher than that of patients who were hospitalized in general wards. Also, the risk of death for patients with a history of cancer was 12 times higher than other patients. The risk factors associated with mortality were identified by multivariate logistic regression model, which included increasing age, having shortness of breath, history of cancer, hospitalization in the ICU, increased white blood cell count, and sodium deficiency.
Conclusion: In order to reduce the mortality of patients with COVID-19, it is necessary for physicians to prioritize the treatment of elderly patients with underlying diseases, such as cancer and shortness of breath in order to improve their clinical condition.



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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/02/16 | Accepted: 2022/08/1 | Published: 2022/08/1

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