Volume 20, Issue 1 (4-2021)                   TB 2021, 20(1): 55-68 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.MAZUMS.REC.1398.1243

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Bahramiabdolmalaki S, Homayouni A, Aliyali M. Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Resilience, Psychological Well-Being, and Life Expectancy in Asthmatic Patients. TB. 2021; 20 (1) :55-68
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3077-en.html
Assistance Professor, Department of Psychology, Bandargaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandargaz, Iran , homaiony@gmail.com
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Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Resilience, Psychological Well-Being, and Life Expectancy in Asthmatic Patients
Shaghayegh Bahramiabdolmalaki (M.A.)1, Alireza Homayouni (Ph.D.)2, Masoud Aliyali (Ph.D.)3
1.MA in psychology, Department of Psychology, Bandargaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandargaz Branch Bandargaz, Iran.
2.Correspounding Author: Assistance Professor, Department of Psychology, Bandargaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandargaz, Iran.   Email: homaiony@gmail.com    Tel:  09112181040             
3.Associate Professor, Department of internal medicine, pulmonary and critical care division, Mazandaran University of medical sciences, Sari, Iran.
Introduction: Psychosomatic experts have tried to associate mental disorders to physical illnesses. The vulnerability of different parts of the body is thought to depend on fundamental differences between individuals. One of the methods that seems to affect the psychological problems of asthma patients is acceptance and commitment therapy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of acceptance- and commitment-based therapy on resilience, psychological well-being, and life expectancy in asthmatic patients.
Methods: This quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test study was conducted on 30 asthmatic patients who were randomly assigned to the experimental (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups according to the inclusion criteria. Acceptance and commitment therapy sessions were based on the treatment package of Hayes et al. in 8 sessions of 60 minutes on the experimental group and no intervention was performed on the control group. All participants took part in the pre-test and post-test. Collection tools included Conner-Davidson Resilience Questionnaire, Schneider Life expectancy, and Ryf Psychological Well-being.
Results: The results showed a significant difference in the components of resilience, psychological well-being, and life expectancy in asthmatic patients before and after the experiment (p <0.05). In other words, acceptance and commitment-based therapy had a positive effect on resilience, psychological well-being and life expectancy in asthmatic patients and these components have increased in patients.
Conclusion: Findings showed that acceptance- and commitment-based therapy was effective on resilience, psychological well-being, and life expectancy of asthmatic patients. This treatment is suggested to be used in conjunction with drug therapy to improve the psychological symptoms of asthmatic patients.
Keywords: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Resiliency, Psychological Well-being, Life Expectancy, asthmatic
Conflict of interest: The authors declared that there is no conflict interest.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/06/29 | Accepted: 2021/04/19 | Published: 2021/04/30

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