Volume 20, Issue 1 (4-2021)                   TB 2021, 20(1): 25-37 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.UT.PSYEDU.REC.1398.015


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Amini P, Karami Nejad R. The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Marital Burnout and Self-Compassion in Unsupervised Women under the Cover of NGOs of Tehran. TB. 2021; 20 (1) :25-37
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3011-en.html
Tehran university , rkarami1352@gmail.com
Full-Text [PDF 576 kb]   (472 Downloads)     |   Abstract (HTML)  (877 Views)
Full-Text:   (683 Views)
The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Marital Burnout and Self-Compassion in Unsupervised Women under the Cover of NGOs of Tehran
 
Parisa Amini(M.A.)1, Reza Karami Nejad(P.hD.)2
 
1.Corresponding Author:M.Sc., Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Sari, Iran.    Email: parisa746@yahoo.com       Tel:09133564123
2.P.hD. Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Tehran university, Tehran.
Abstract
 
 Introduction: Unsupervised Women always face very serious challenges in life. These problems can affect different aspects of their lives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on self-compassion and marital boredom in Unsupervised Women.
Methods: The research was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test with control group. The statistical population consisted of Unsupervised Women under the Cover of NGOs of Tehran and the sample consisted of 30 women (15 individual in control and 15 individual in Experiment group) according to education level and age. The participants randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The research instrument were Penance Marital Burning Scale and Raes, Pommier, Neff, & Van Gucht self—compassion scale. After the pre-test, the experimental group received 8 sessions of ACT, while the control group received no intervention. At the end of intervention post-test was performed. The results were analyzed by ANCOVA at the level of 0.05 using SPSS 20 software.
Results: Based on the results of the research, A significant difference was found between the two groups regarding their Marital Burning (P < 0.001, F=401.28) and increased self-compassion intervention (P < 0.001, F=457.52) before and after intervention. The effect size was 0.9 for Marital Burning and 0.3 for self-compassion.
Conclusion: According to the findings of the study, ACT can be used to decrease Marital Burning and increase self-compassion in unsupervised Women. ACT leads to psychological flexibility and commitment to perform actions that may lead to a fulfilling, rich and meaningful life, so it can be used as an effective intervention to decrease Marital Burning and increase self-compassion.
 
Keywords: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Self-Compassion, Unsupervised Women, Marital Burning Out

References
1-Shokohi-Yekta M, Shahaian A, Parand A. Family Psychology Tehran: Teymourzadeh; 2019.
2-Kabiri A, Saadati M, Noruzi V. Sociological Analysis of Factors Affecting Domestic Violence Case Study: Married Women in Urmia. Quarerly Journall of Woman & Society. 2018;9(34):295-320.
3-Takyi BK, Lamptey E. Faith and marital violence in Sub-Saharan Africa: exploring the links between religious affiliation and intimate partner violence among women in Ghana. Journal of interpersonal violence. 2020;35(1-2):25-52.
4-Niazi M, Kassani A, Menati R, Khammarnia M. The prevalence of domestic violence among pregnant women in iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sadra Medical Sciences Journal. 2015;3(2):139-50.
5-Vizheh M, Zanjari N. Factors Associated with Domestic Violence Against Women in Tehran. Journal of Social Work. 2017;4(14):37-66.
6-Liyaghat G. Women, victims of domestic violence A case study of Tehran. Social Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.2005(1):163-79.
7-Torkashwand F, Rezaeean M, Sheikhfathollahi M, Mehrabian M, Bidaki R, Garousi B, et al. The Prevalence of the Types of Domestic Violence on Women Referred to Health Care Centers in Rafsanjan in 2012. JRUMS. 2013;12(9):695-708.
8-Nelson A. Domestic violence against women: An overview. Journal of Family Issues  Adoption Law. 2019;1(1):1-6.
9-Koirala P, Chuemchit M. Depression and domestic violence experiences among Asian women: a systematic review. International journal of women's health. 2020;12:21-33.
10-Lotfian M, Arshi M, Alipour F, Ghadamini G. Study on Relationship of Domestic Violence with Emotional Divorce Among Married Females in Tehran. Quarterly journal of social work.2016;5(2):5-12.
11-Bastani S, Golzari M, Rowshani SH. Emotional divorce and strategies to face it. Family Research. 2011;7(2):241-57.
12-Shafiee Z, Ghamarani A. The Role of Dark Personality and Flourishing in Couples Burn Out. Women and society. 2017;8(29):77-94.
13-Pines AM. Adult attachment styles and their relationship to burnout: A preliminary, cross-cultural investigation. Work Stress. 2004;18(1):66-80.
14-Neff KD. The self-compassion scale is a valid and theoretically coherent measure of self-compassion. Mindfulness acceptance: Expanding the cognitive-behavioral tradition. 2016;7(1):264-74.
15-Gilbert P. Introducing compassion-focused therapy. Advances in psychiatric treatment. 2009;15(3):199-208.
16-Yarnell LM, Neff KD. Self-compassion, interpersonal conflict resolutions, and well-being. Self Identity. 2013;12(2):146-59.
17-Saeedi Z, Ghorbani N, Sarafraz MR, Sharifian MH. The effect of inducing self-compassion and self-esteem on the level of the experience of shame and guilt. Contemporary Psychology. 2013;8(1):91-102.
18-Neff KD, Faso DJ. Self-compassion and well-being in parents of children with autism. Mindfulness. 2015;6(4):938-47.
19-Hayes SC, Strosahl KD, Wilson KG. Acceptance and commitment therapy. Washington DC: American Psychological Association; 2009.
20-Harris R. ACT made simple: An easy-to-read primer on acceptance and commitment therapy. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications; 2019.
21-Nazri A, Falah Zade H, Nazarboland N. Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on women’s marital disaffection and marital quality. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2018;11(3):433-53.
22-Mansouri N, Rasouli A. The Effectiveness of Group Therapy Based On Acceptance and Commitment to Increase the Life Expectancy, Marital Intimacy and Reducing the Marital Conflicts of Women. Iranian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing. 2019;7(1):82-8.
23-Mohammadi E, Arshadi FK, Farzad VA, Salehi M. The Effectivness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on Marital Satisfaction among Depressed Women. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology. 2015;17(2):26-35.
24-Roohi R, Soltani A, Zeinodini Z, Razavi Nematollahi VS. Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Self-Compassion and Distress Tolerance in Students with Social Anxiety Disorder. Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies. 2018;8:1-7.
25-Yadavaia JE, Hayes SC, Vilardaga R. Using acceptance and commitment therapy to increase self-compassion: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of contextual behavioral science. 2014;3(4):248-57.
26-Muto T, Hayes SC, Jeffcoat T. The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy bibliotherapy for enhancing the psychological health of Japanese college students living abroad. Behavior therapy. 2011;42(2):323-35.
27-Cook D. The internalized shame scale manual. Menomonie, WI: Channel Press. 1993.
28-Navidi F, Adib Rad N, Sabbaghian Z. Investigating the relationship between marital boredom and organizational climate factors in male and female nurses. Journal of Psychopathology. 2009;11(3):275-87.
29-Neff KD. The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self Identity. 2003;2(3):223-50.
30-Raes  F, Pommier  E, Neff  KD, Van Gucht  D. Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the self‐compassion scale. Clinical psychology psychotherapy. 2011;18(3):250-5.
31-Shahbazi M, Rajabi G, Maghami  E, Jelodari A. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Persian Version of the Self-Compassion Rating Scale-Revised. Journal Management System. 2015;6(19):31-46.
 
 
 
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/01/25 | Accepted: 2021/04/30 | Published: 2021/04/30

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Tolooebehdasht

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb