Volume 15, Issue 1 (5-2016)                   TB 2016, 15(1): 65-76 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Karami Nejad R, Tabatabai Shahrbabaki Z. Comparing spiritual intelligence and attribution styles among addicted and no addicted women. TB. 2016; 15 (1) :65-76
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2106-en.html
Educational System, Yazd , rkarami1352@gmail.com
Abstract:   (5499 Views)

Introduction: Spiritual intelligence is concerned with understanding the origin and meaning of life. In other words, it involves our ultimate goal to live. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the spiritual intelligence and the attribution styles among addicted and non-addicted women in Yazd.

Methods: In this correlational study, the study population consisted of all women in Yazd in 2013, among which a sample of 300 subjects were selected via multistage random cluster sampling from three areas of Yazd. As a matter of fact, 108 addicted subjects were selected referring to Addiction Treatment Centers via multistage cluster sampling. The 29-item spiritual intelligence questionnaire (Abdollah Zadeh et al.) and Attribution Style Questionnaire (ASQ) (Peterson Co Seligman) were applied and the study data were analyzed using t-test and Pearson correlation.

Results: The study results indicated a significant difference between addicted women and non-addicted ones in regard with spiritual intelligence (one-tailed, P<0.05, df= 405, t= 3.22). Furthermore, addicted women significantly used negative attribution style against the failures (one-tailed, P<0.001, df= 406, t= 5.90), and a positive correlation was observed between spiritual intelligence and attribution styles (rs= 0.586, N= 406, P<0.001, two-tailed).

Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that, without understanding the meaning of life, human life would not be worth much. Life suffering without spirituality would not be meaningful and in dealing with life challenges, it will lead the humans to step down and get helpless. Finding the meaning of life as well as having a positive attribution style can be mentioned as effective elements in regard with the women's tendency to the drug.

Full-Text [PDF 133 kb]   (1219 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/05/16 | Accepted: 2016/05/16 | Published: 2016/05/16

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Tolooebehdasht

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb