Volume 14, Issue 6 (3-2016)                   TB 2016, 14(6): 472-480 | Back to browse issues page

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Nezami Asl A, Khoshvaghti A, Asgari A, Fallah R, Amiri M, alehi-Abargouei A. Design and Laboratory Level Production of High Energy Survival Tablets for Athletes, Tourists and People who Faced Natural Disasters. TB. 2016; 14 (6) :472-480
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2041-en.html
, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , abargouei@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4849 Views)

Introduction: People affected by natural disasters like flood or earthquakes and also athletes like mountain climbers and also sailors who continuously go to jungles or deserts, might get into trouble in the nature and need help to get back to their home and therefore, they might need high energy supplements to keep them alive up to the time they find a food source. The goal of this study was to design and make these laboratory prototypes of high energy tablets.

Methods: For making tablets 15 different formulations were designed and made in the laboratory and then were tested to be suit. We objected to design formulations that could provide at least 20 kcal per each tab and amount of daily protein (about 25 grams), Tablets were design to provide not only the minimum energy needed but also the minimum protein needs and daily requirements of some vitamins and minerals of a healthy male adult.

Results: Laboratory samples of 5 gram high energy (21 Kcal) were produced. The best formulation that had the capacity to be converted into tablets consisted of olive oil (16%), maltodextrin (36%), high biological value protein powder (25%), sesame seed (17%) and wheat germ (6%). 25 tablets should be taken each day which provides 525 kcal energy, 25g protein and different vitamins and minerals, daily; therefore, they will provide the minimum energy needs for at least 10 days if provided in 1.2 kg packs. 

Conclusion: The production of high energy tab rations can provide minimum energy needs for at least 7 days for athletes, tourists and people who face natural disasters when there is no access to any other food resources because they occupy the minimum volume and their production is accessible in Iran.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/04/7 | Accepted: 2015/08/30 | Published: 2016/03/12

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