Volume 20, Issue 6 (1-2022)                   TB 2022, 20(6): 33-45 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: IR.KHOMEIN.REC.1399.013
Ethics code: IR.KHOMEIN.REC.1399.013

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Salami M, Salehi A, Momeni H, Azizi M. The Effect of Virtual Education on Self-Medication of Medical Sciences Students Based on the Health Belief Model. TB 2022; 20 (6) :33-45
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3278-en.html
khomein university of medical sciences , ma.azizi2020@gmail.com
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The Effect of Virtual Education on Self-Medication of Medical Sciences Students Based on the Health Belief Model
Moin Salami (B.S.) 1, Ashraf Salehi (M.Sc.) 2, Hamid Momeni (M.Sc.) 2, Mahdieh Azizi (M.Sc.) 3
1.B.S., Department of  Nursing, Khomein University of Medical Science, Khomein, Iran.
2.M.Sc., Molecular and Medicine Research Center, Khomein University of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran.
3.Corresponding Author: M.Sc., Molecular and Medicine Research Center, Khomein University of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran. Email: ma.azizi2020@gmail.com                Tel:09189596344


Introduction: Due to the high prevalence of self-medication among medical sciences students, according to previous research, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of virtual education on self-medication of medical sciences students based on the health belief model.
Methods: The present quasi-experimental randomized controlled study was conducted on 110 students of Khomein University of Medical Sciences in 2021. The students were divided into experimental and control groups (55 people in each group) through two-stage sampling. The method of data collection was a questionnaire based on the health belief model about self-medication. The questionnaire was completed by both groups before and after the educational intervention. In order to analyze the data, Chi-square and independent and paired t-tests were used using SPSS26 software.
Results: There was no significant difference between the scores of experimental and control groups before the intervention in the constructs of the health belief model. After the intervention, a significant difference was observed in the mean scores of knowledge (p=0.001) and perceived intensity (p=0.027) in the experimental group. However, no significant difference was observed in the mean scores of other constructs between the experimental and control groups.
Conclusion: Although virtual education intervention is effective in learning, it cannot provide a satisfactory quality of education. It is suggested that a study be conducted to compare the two methods of face-to-face and distance learning at the same time.

Keywords: Medicine, Self-Medication, SMS Messaging Service, Virtual Education, Health Belief Model
Conflict of interest: The authors declared that there is no conflict of interest.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/11/14 | Accepted: 2022/03/5 | Published: 2022/01/30

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