Volume 20, Issue 5 (12-2021)                   TB 2021, 20(5): 65-77 | Back to browse issues page

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Ethics code: 8268

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Ghaneiyan M T, Zamani F, Ebrahimi A, Rahmati M, Ehrampoush M H, Mirhosseini S A. Evaluation of Ecological Factors Regarding the Use of Disposable Containers. TB 2021; 20 (5) :65-77
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3266-en.html
M.Sc. Student of Human Ecology, School of public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences,Yazd,Iran , majid.165768@gmail.com
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Evaluation of Ecological Factors Regarding the Use of Disposable Containers
 among Khomeini Shahr Residents:A Qualitive Study
Mohammad Taghi Ghanein(P.hD.)1, Fereshteh Zamani(P.hD.)2, Abdolmajid Ebrahimi(M.Sc.)3,                Maryam Rahmati(P.hD)4, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush(P.hD)5, Abolghasem Mir Hosseini(P.hD.)6
1.Professor, Department of Human Ecology, Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.   
2. Professor Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3.Corresponding Autor:M.Sc. Student of Human Ecology, School of public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences,Yazd,Iran  .Email:majid.165768@gmail.com   Tel:09133017508                                                                      
4. P.hD. student, of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
5. Professor Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
6.Assistant Professor, Department of Environment, Faculty of Environment, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.
Introduction: Excessive consumption of disposable containers, and specifically the plastic ones, has adverse effects on ecosystem and the community's health. To identify ecological factors (individual, interpersonal and social) related to these containers, this study aimed to specify the most important factors according to the participants.
Methods: This was a qualitative content analysis  conducted through interviews with participants in different age and gender groups in Khomeini Shahr, Esfahan, in 2021, and continued until data saturation with 37 participants was reached. Data analysis was performed by qualitative content analysis method, based on the steps suggested by Elo in MAXQDA20 software.
Results: The results demonstrated that the factors affecting the use of disposable containers were divided into two main categories of individual factors including four subcategories: preferences and priorities, personal beliefs, information and knowledge, fear and negative emotions. The interpersonal and social factors included nine subcategories: force of using, conflict between economic advantages and health, features and efficiency, putting foodstuff in disposable containers, hygiene elements related to health, factors related to families, social norms, the effect of advertisements, and increasing places using disposable containers.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that comfort of use, being light and unbreakabl, ease of transportation, welfare and observing hygiene issues increased the use of containers, but paying attention to the health issues and effective educational sessions on the proper consumption of these disposable containers, can decrease the use of these containers.
Keywords: Disposable Containers, Qualitative Study, Content Analysis, Iran
Conflict of interest: The authors declared that there is no conflict of interest.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/22 | Accepted: 2021/12/25 | Published: 2021/12/31

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