Volume 20, Issue 3 (9-2021)                   TB 2021, 20(3): 50-58 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghasemi K, Miri M, Ramazani A, Norozi E. Investigating the Individual and Organizational Factors Related to Work-family Conflict in Working Women in Birjand in 2020. TB. 2021; 20 (3) :50-58
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3143-en.html
Birjand University of Medical Sciences , miri_moh2516@bums.ac.ir
Full-Text [PDF 415 kb]   (239 Downloads)     |   Abstract (HTML)  (645 Views)
Full-Text:   (131 Views)
Investigating the Individual and Organizational Factors Related to Work-family Conflict in Working Women in Birjand in 2020

Khadije Ghasemi(M.Sc.)1, Mohammadreza Miri(Ph.D.)2, Abasali Ramazani(M.Sc.)3, Ensiyeh  Norozi (Ph.D.)4

1.M.Sc.s,of  Health Education and Health Promotion ,Student Reasearch Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2.Corresponding Author : Professor of Health Education and Health Promotion, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of Health, Birjand University  of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
Email: miri_moh2516@yahoo.com               Tel:09151615468
3.M.Sc. of Epidemiology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center,Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
4.Assistant professor of Health Education and Health Promotion, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of Health, Birjand University  of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.



Abstract

Introduction: Due to the role of women in society, work-family conflict has had negative consequences on the mental and social health of working women and their families. The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting the balance of work -family in female employees in Birjand.
Methods: In a cross-sectional descriptive correlation study, 205 female employees working in Birjand city offices were selected by cluster sampling. In addition to demographic questions, the data collection tool was a self-administrated standard 18-item questionnaire by Carlson et al. The data were analyzed by  SPSS 19 software using independent t-test, analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: The mean age of the women was 38.6 ± 7.41 and their mean work experience was 13.36± 6.85. The mean score of the subjects was 29.37± 6.33 out of 45 in the work-family conflict dimension and 35.20 ± 6 6.52 in the family-work conflict dimension. A significant correlation was observed between women's age and work-family conflict variable. A positive and significant correlation was also observed between the two variables of work-family and family-work conflict (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: Given that the mean score of work-family and family-work conflict in female employees is high, educational interventions to improve the balance of work-family and vice versa in working women are recommended to officials and planners.
Keywords:  Family Conflict, Individual Factors, Working Women.
Conflict of interest: The authors declared that there is no Conflict interest.

Introduction: Due to the role of women in society, work-family conflict has had negative consequences on the mental and social health of working women and their families. The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting the balance of work -family in female employees in Birjand.
Methods: In a cross-sectional descriptive correlation study, 205 female employees working in Birjand city offices were selected by cluster sampling. In addition to demographic questions, the data collection tool was a self-administrated standard 18-item questionnaire by Carlson et al. The data were analyzed by  SPSS 19 software using independent t-test, analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: The mean age of the women was 38.6 ± 7.41 and their mean work experience was 13.36± 6.85. The mean score of the subjects was 29.37± 6.33 out of 45 in the work-family conflict dimension and 35.20 ± 6 6.52 in the family-work conflict dimension. A significant correlation was observed between women's age and work-family conflict variable. A positive and significant correlation was also observed between the two variables of work-family and family-work conflict (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: Given that the mean score of work-family and family-work conflict in female employees is high, educational interventions to improve the balance of work-family and vice versa in working women are recommended to officials and planners.
References
1-Maleklha M, Baqban I, Fatehl-zada M. the Effect of Work-Family Conflict Management Training on Decreasing Work-Family and Family-Work Conflicts in Female Workers. Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological.2009;7(1):133-52.
2-Thomas LT, Ganster DC. Impact of family-supportive work variables on work-family conflict and strain: A control perspective. Journal of applied psychology.1995;80(1):6.     
3-Zade H, Mahmod A, Robabe B. Study of the extent of work-family conflict and its related factors among employed women in Tabriz. Woman and family studies.2010;3(7):133-51.[Persian]
4-Mauno S, Ruokolainen M, Kinnunen U.Work–family conflict and enrichment from the perspective of psychosocial resources: Comparing Finnish healthcare workers by working schedules. Applied ergonomics. 2015;48:86-94.
5-Sharma J, Dhar RL, Tyagi A. Stress as a mediator between work–family conflict and psychological health among the nursing staff: Moderating role of emotional intelligence. Applied Nursing Research.2016;30:268-75.
6-Habibpour Gatabi K. Role Conflict of Women in Family and at Work: Nature and Consequences. Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological.2018;16(2):125-66.
7-Davoodi M, Shamsi M. Identifying The Factors Affecting The Balance Between Work And Life In Employed Women. Scientific Research Quarterly of Woman and Culture. 2018;10(38):43-60. [Persian]
8-Krejcie RV, Morgan DW. Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement.1970;30(3):607-10.
9-Ahmadyanmazhin N AP, Akhond M , Rahimi A. The Work-Family Conflict Association with Quality of Life among Midwives in Hospitals and Health Care Centers in Ahvaz City. journal of ilam university of medical sciences.2016;23(7):173-80.[Persian]
10-Peeters MC, Montgomery AJ, Bakker AB, Schaufeli WB. Balancing work and home: How job and home demands are related to burnout. International Journal of Stress Management. 2005;12(1):43.
11-Hesabi M, Maghsoudi S, Emami Sigaroudi A, Leili E K, Monfared A. Work-Family Conflict among Nurses Working in Gilan University of Medical Sciences. Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological.2015;13(4):123-52.[Persian]
12-Erdamar G, Demirel H. Investigation of work-family, family-work conflict of the teachers. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences.2014;116:4919-24.[Persian]
13-Askari R, Zare R, Tayef E, Baghian N, Rafiei S. Evaluation of Perceived Work-Family Conflict among the Employees of Shahid Sadoughi Yazd Hospital, (Iran). Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2018;12(2):54-61.
14-Byron K. A meta-analytic review of work–family conflict and its antecedents. Journal of vocational behavior. 2005;67(2):169-98.
15-Grant-Vallone EJ, Donaldson SI. Consequences of work-family conflict on employee well-being over time. Work & stress.2001;15(3):214-26.
16-Lapierre LM, Spector PE, Allen TD, et al. Family-supportive organization perceptions, multiple dimensions of work–family conflict, and employee satisfaction: A test of model across five samples. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 2008;73(1): 92-106
 
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/11/21 | Accepted: 2021/02/1 | Published: 2021/09/1

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Tolooebehdasht

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb