Volume 20, Issue 1 (4-2021)                   TB 2021, 20(1): 12-24 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.YAZD.REC.1398.025


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shakeri M, barzegar bafrooei K, Panahi K. The Effectiveness of Training Stress Coping Skills on Work-Life Balance of the Staff of Education Department in Yazd Province. TB. 2021; 20 (1) :12-24
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3078-en.html
yazd university , shakerimohsen@yazd.ac.ir
Full-Text [PDF 579 kb]   (582 Downloads)     |   Abstract (HTML)  (819 Views)
Full-Text:   (1069 Views)
 The Effectiveness of Training Stress Coping Skills on Work-Life Balance of the Staff of Education Department in Yazd Province
 
Mohsen Shakeri (Ph.D.)1, Kazem Barzegar Bafrooie (Ph.D.)2, Kazem Panahi (M.Sc.)3
 
1.Corresponding Author: Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Yazd University,Yazd, Iran.
 Email:shakerimohsen@yazd.ac.ir                                     Tel:03531232054
2.Associate Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Yazd University,Yazd, Iran.
3.M.Sc., Department of Psychology, Imam Javad University College, Yazd, Iran.
 
 
Abstract
 
Introduction: Work-life balance, as one of the stresses that most employees deal with in their daily life, can lead to job stress. In this regard, the overall aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of training stress coping skills on work-life-balance of the staff of department of education in Yazd Province.
Methods: This experimental study was conducted by a pretest-posttest design with experimental and control groups. The statistical population of this research included all staff of Education Department in Yazd Province. Consequently, 40 staff (20 in the experimental group and 20 in the control group) were randomly selected and divided into the experimental and control groups. The instrument of this research was Wang & Co's (2009) work-life balance questionnaire. Finally, the collected data were analyzed using covariance analysis.
Results: Findings showed that stress coping skills training had a significant positive effect on work-life balance of employees (F=70/978, p<0/001) and according to the ETA squared coefficient, this training could explain 65.70% of the variance of work-life balance of employees.
Conclusion: Overall, training in stress coping skills could improve the work-life balance of the experimental group through identifying and controlling stressful situations, enjoying a balanced work-life stress-free experience, and identifying their physical and facial expressions and thoughts during stress.
 
Keywords: Effectiveness of training, Work-life balance, Stress coping skills
Conflict of interest: The authors declared that there is no Conflict interest.

References
1-Schwepker CH, Dimitriou CK. Using ethical leadership to reduce job stress and improve performance quality in the hospitality industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management. 2021: 94: 1-11.
2- Jin X, Sun IY, Jiang S, Wang Y, Wen S. The relationships between job and organizational characteristics and role and job stress among Chinese community correctional workers. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice.2018: 1)52):36-46.
3- He SC, Wu S, Wang C, et al. Interaction between job stress, serum BDNF level and the BDNF rs2049046 polymorphism in job burnout. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2020: 266: 671-677.
4- Wolfe MT, Patel PC. Labor of love? The influence of work-conditions among self-employed and work stress. Journal of Business Venturing Insights. 2019; 1:1-8.
5- Sarboland KH, the Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in Employee Barrier Stress among Imam Khomeini Hospital in Ardebil. 2018; 19(73): 131-39. [Persian]
6- Liu X, Yu K. Emotional stability and citizenship fatigue: The role of emotional exhaustion and job stressors. Personality and Individual Differences. 2019; 1(139): 254-62.
7- Habibi, F., safarzadeh, S. Predicting Job Stress On The Basis Of Coping Strategies, Spiritual Intelligence And Resilience In Employees With Chronic Pains In National Iranian South Oil Fields Company. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology, 2017; 18(3): 76-85. [Persian]
8-Karkoulian S, Srour J, Sinan T. A gender perspective on work-life balance, perceived stress, and locus of control. Journal of Business Research.2016; 69(11): 4918-23.
9-Matilla-Santander N, Lidón-Moyano C, González-Marrón A, Bunch K, Martín-Sánchez JC, & Martínez-Sánchez JM. Attitudes toward working conditions: are European :union: workers satisfied with their working hours and work-life balance? .Gac Sanit.2019; 33(2): 162–68.
10-Cahilla KC, McNamara TK, Pitt-Catsouphes M, Valcour M. Linking shifts in the national economy with changes in job satisfaction, employee engagement and work–life balance. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics.2015: 56: 40–54.
11-Jensen KW, Liu Y, Schott T. Entrepreneurs innovation bringing job satisfaction, work-family balance, and life satisfaction: In China and around the world. International Journal of Innovation Studies.2017; 1(4):193-206.
12-Barnett R C, Hyde JS. Women, men, work, and family: An expansionist theory. American Psychologist.2001; 56 (6):781–96.
13-Kim S. Women and family-friendly policies in the Korean government. International Review of Administrative Sciences.2008: 74 (3):463-76.
14-Adame-Sanchez C, Gonzalez-Cruz TF, Martínez-Fuentes C. Do firms implement work–life balance policies to benefit their workers or themselves? Journal of Business Research. 2016; 69(11):5519-23.
15-Süß S, Sayah S. Balance between work and life: A qualitative study of German contract workers. European management journal.2013; 31(3): 250-62.
16-Gholipour Tahmours H, Seyed Javadin SR, Safiri K, Roshan Nezhad M. Providing a model for the causes and factors affecting work-life balance. Government Management Quarterly. 2013; 5(2): 37-54. [Persian]
17-Tavangar H, Alhani F, Vanaki Z. Decline of Self-efficacy: the Consequence of Nursing Work-family Conflict. Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences 2012; 1(2): 135-147. [Persian]
18-Greenhaus JH, Collins KM, Shaw JD. The relation between work–family balance and quality of life. Journal of vocational behavior.2003; 63(3):510-31.
19-Sabokroo M, Haghbin A, Ebrahimzadeh R .Investigating Relationship between Five Neo-Factor Personality Characteristics and Work-Life Balance in university of Yazd. Ihej. 2016; 8 (2):112-132. [Persian]
20-Darcy C, McCarthy A, Grady G. Work-life balance policy and practice: Understanding line manager attitudes and behaviors. Human Resource Management Review. 2010; 20(2): 158-67.
21-Damghanin H, golshahi B. Presenting effective individuals and organizational strategies on employee health: role of work- life balance. Ormr. 2017; 6 (4):1-18. [Persian]
22-Adkins CL, Premeaux SF. A cybernetic model of work-life balance through time. Human Resource Management Review. 2019 29(4): 1-13.
23- Chiang FT, Birtch TA, Kwan HK. The moderating roles of job control and work-life balance practices on employee stress in the hotel and catering industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management.2010; 29 (1): 25–32.
24- Schulman S. Working through the health: A transpersonal approach to family support and education. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal.2008; 22(2): 133.
25- Alavi Arjmand N, Kashaninia Z, Hosseini M A, Rezasoltani P. Effect of Stress Management on Job Stress and Work-Family Conflict among Nurses. Hayat. 2013; 18 (4):81-91. [Persian]
 26- Hofmann V, Stokburger-Sauer NE. The impact of emotional labor on employees’ work-life balance perception and commitment: A study in the hospitality industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management. 2017; 65:47-58.
27- Takeuchi T, Yamazaki Y. Relationship between work–family conflict and a sense of coherence among Japanese registered nurses Jpn J Nurs Sci.2010 ;7(2): 158-68.
28- Jamal M. Burnout, stress and health of employees on non‐standard work schedules: a study of Canadian workers. Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress.2004; 20(3):113-9.
29- Koohnavard B, Rajai Behbahani N, PiranVise P, Fazli Z. Relationship between job stress and quality of life in librarians Yazd Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2016; 3(1):1-9. [Persian]
30- Moheb N, Ghibi S, Mohammadzadeh A. The statistical population was all employees in car producing factory of Tabriz out of which. Journal of Instruction and Evaluation. 2013; 6(24): 25-36.
31-Wong SC, Ko A. Exploratory study of understanding hotel employees’ perception on work–life balance issues. International Journal of Hospitality Management. 2009; 28(2):195-203.
 
 
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/06/30 | Accepted: 2021/01/11 | Published: 2021/04/30

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Tolooebehdasht

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb