Volume 11, Issue 4 (3-2013)                   TB 2013, 11(4): 59-69 | Back to browse issues page

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Baghianimoghadam M, Nadjarzadeh A, Askar shahi M, Salehi M. Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Yazd City High School Students on the Role of Vitamin D in Health. TB. 2013; 11 (4) :59-69
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-357-en.html
Ph.D Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences,Yazd, Iran , salehi.maryam98@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8884 Views)

 Background: Vitamins are organic compounds required as vital nutrients and vitamin deficiency is a venturesome condition for human body.Vitamin D deficiency is a world-wide epidemic and it’s widespread deficiency is a concern in Middle East countries. The major cause of vitamin D deficiency in many countries is the lack of sunexposure as a result of cultural norms of covering.

 The aim of this study was to determine the Yazd high school students’ knowledge, attitude and practice towards vitamin D effects on human health.

 Methods: A self-administered, structured, questionnaire, researcher made was conducted to investigate knowledge, attitude and practice of high school students. The questionnaires were given to 312 students (153boys and 159 girls) of 8 Yazd high schools. We used SPSS software and Paired t-test, ANOVA and chi2 test for analyzing the data.

 Result: Of total participants, 49% were boys and 51% were girls. This study showed that among the 312 cases studied, 2.2% had good knowledge and 39.4% had average knowledge about vitamin D effects on human health. 21.5% of the cases had good attitude and 18.8% of them had goodpractice. Mean knowledge score was 15.11+- 4.83 of 31, mean attitude score was 18.94+-3.32 out of 28 scoreand, and mean practice score on vitamin D effects on human health was 13.69 +-2.71 of 20. There wasn’t a significant difference between knowledge and attitude among girls and boys but boys practice was better than girls and there was a significant difference in this case.

 Conclusion:Lack of knowledge,attitude and practice could endanger people's health so developing some training programs seems to be necessary.



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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/03/12 | Accepted: 2014/09/1 | Published: 2014/09/1

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