Volume 19, Issue 2 (6-2020)                   TB 2020, 19(2): 96-108 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Eskandari A, Morovati M, Alaiee E, Alavi K. Investigating the Wastewater Treatment System of the Tehran Oil Industry Research Institute using the Life Cycle Assessment Method. TB. 2020; 19 (2) :96-108
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2921-en.html
Ardakan University , mymorovati@ardakan.ac.ir
Full-Text [PDF 488 kb]   (1066 Downloads)     |   Abstract (HTML)  (1379 Views)
Full-Text:   (1024 Views)
Investigating the Wastewater Treatment System of the Tehran Oil Industry Research Institute using the Life Cycle Assessment Method
 
Afsaneh Eskandari Ashgofti(M.Sc.s)1, Maryam Morovati (Ph.D.)2, Ebrahim Alaiee(Ph.D.)3,                            Kamelia Alavi(Ph.D.)4
 
1.M.Sc. Student of Assessment and Land use Planning, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ardakan University,Ardakan, Iran.
2.Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Sciences & Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources,Ardakan University,Ardakan, Iran. Email:mymorovati@ardakan.ac.ir       Tel:09133527142
3.Associate Professor, Tehran Oil Industry Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
4.Assistant Professor , Department of  Environmental Sciences & Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran.
 
 
Abstract
 
Introduction: Due to population growth and subsequent limited water resources, the use of treatment plant effluents is of particular importance. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the environmental effects of the treatment plant and also to identify critical points or weaknesses of the treatment plant system and provide corrective action to reduce the severity of the effects.
Methods: After visiting the research institute and collecting data (during the years 2017-2018), the energy, consuming materials and output of the system were calculated using the life cycle assessment method. Finally, information on the spread of pollution and consumption was included in the list of index effects. To analyze the obtained information, Simapro software (using ILCD 2011 Midpoint V1.03 method) version 8.5.0.0. was applied.
Results: Based on the research findings, the software depicted the evaluation of the effects in 13 categories and all the information entered in the software according to the impact, has participated in each category of effects, the most effective factors related to chloride, energy consumption and oil.
Conclusion: The results of this study show that the main critical point identified in the treatment plant is related to electricity and the sanitary effluent is in a worse condition than the industrial effluent. However, the environmental impact of industrial effluents should not be neglected. Due to the fact that the MBR (Memberane Bio Reactor) method is considered as one of the best methods of wastewater treatment, it is not recommended to change the treatment method, but with continuous monitoring and management of the system, it is possible to reduce the consumption of raw materials.
 
Keywords: Environmental impact assessment, waste water, SimaPro Software, Treatment Plant, Life cycle
Conflict of interest: The authors declared that there is no conflict of interest.

References

1-Nedafi K, Yazdanbakhsh A. Sewage treatment pollution control. Fardabeh2001:1-250.[Persian]
2-Takdastan A, Pazuki M. Investigating different methods of reuse of wastewater for various urban and non-urban uses according to the degree of wastewater treatment and environmental standards. The first conference on water shortage adaptation:2008;1:1-10.[Persian]
3-Biglary H, Afsharinia M, Sajedy A. Removal of pHenol from aqueous solution by using fly ash plant roots persica.2014; 1(3):15-25.
4-Javanmardi S, Asghari M, Pourkhabaz H. Environmental Performance Evaluation of Wastewater Treatment Plant: Case Study of Khorramabad County. International Conference on Water and Sewerage:2011;2:1-10.[Persian]
5-Taheriyun M, Bahram M, Mpradi Nezhad S. Validation of Urban Wastewater Treatment Plant Reliability Using Error Tree Analysis, Water Resources Science and Engineering Society. 2014, 10(2):1-11. [Persian]
6-Feizi Masoule M, Tabesh M. A Review on Life Cycle Assessment and its Application in Urban Wastewater Treatment Plants. First National Conference on Environmental Protection and Planning.2013 ;12:1-15.[Persian]
7-Parsaju H. Life cycle assessment of sludge treatment systems in sewage treatment plants (case study of Ardabil wastewater treatment plant)[Msc thesis]. Saeb Higher Education Institute, Faculty of Engineering.2016.
8-Khoramdel S, Shabahang j, Amin ghafuri A. Investigation of the environmental effects of rice production systems using the life cycle assessment method, applied ecology.2017; 5(18): 1-14 [Persian]
9-Mohamadi M. Comparison of life cycle assessment of urban wastewater treatment systems in Lagoon, active sludge and bioaccumulation [Msc thesis]. Faculty of Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil Branch.2015.
10-Parsaju h, Fataei A, Sharfi R. Life cycle assessment of Khalkhal sewage treatment plant. The Second National Conference on Sustainable Development in Energy, Water and Environmental Engineering Systems:2017;12:1-7.[Persian]
11-Renou S, Thomas J, Aoustin E, Pons m. Influence of impact assessment methods in waste water treatment LCA. journal of cleaner production. 2008, 16(10): 1098-105.
12-Zhao Yan.Environmental impact assessment of solid waste management in Beijing City. China Waste management. 2011;31(4):793-9.
13-Parkes O, Lettieri P, Bogle IDL. Life cycle assessment of integrated waste management systems for alternative legacy scenarios of the London Olympic Park. Waste Management. 2015: 66-157
14-Hong J, Li X, and Zhaojie C. Life cycle assessment of four municipal solid waste management scenarios in China. Waste Management. 2010;30(11):2362-9.
15-Hospido A, Tyedmers P. Life cycle environmental impacts of Spanish tuna fisheries. Fisheries Research.2015;(76): 174-86.
16-Corominac LI, Foley J, Guest J. Hospido A. Life cycle assessment appliedto waste water treatment: state of the art. water resea rchgvoi.2013;47(13):5480-92.
17-Herrmann I, Moltesen A. Does it matter which Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool you choose a comparative assessment of SimaPro and GaBi. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2015; (86): 163-9.
18-Shahivand M. Evaluation of solid waste management life cycle in yazd city [Msc Thesis]. Faculty of Natural Resources and Desertology, Yazd University.2018.
19-Molodzadeh N. Assessment of entrance effluent problems to the refinery of shahid tondgooyan petrochemical compelex and providing appropriate solutions [Msc Thesis].Faculty of Water Engineering,University of Water and Power Industry (Shahid Abbaspour) .2009.
20-Jian G, Xiang, M Xiao M .LIFE Cycle assessment of a wastewater treatment plant focused on material and energy flows. environmental management. 2010; (46): 610-7.
21-AsadollahFardi A, Shafiei N, Sarabadani S. Astudy on environmental Life Cycle assessment of khomein sewage treatment plant.8th National Conference and Specialized Exhibition of Environmental Engineering, Iranian Association of Environmental Engineering.2016;10:1-10. [Persian]
 
 
 
 

 
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/06/18 | Accepted: 2019/09/6 | Published: 2020/06/30

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Tolooebehdasht

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb