Volume 17, Issue 4 (11-2018)                   TB 2018, 17(4): 43-55 | Back to browse issues page

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MorowatiSharifAbad M A, MohammadYousefi Vardanjani Z, Raiisi Z, AskariShahi M. Predictors of Pap Smear Test Based on Protection Motivation Theory among Women of Shahree-kord. TB. 2018; 17 (4) :43-55
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2253-en.html
, zahrayousefi93@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1339 Views)
Introduction: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer and one of the most important causes of death among women worldwide. Although this cancer is one of the most important womenchr('39')s health issues in the developing countries, it is preventable fortunately and Pap smear test is an effective screening method for its prevention and early diagnosis. This study aimed to determine the predictors of Pap smear test among women in Shahr-e-kord based on protection motivation theory.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 290 eligible women of Shahr-e-kord city in 2016. The study tool was a researcher-made questionnaire based on the protection motivation theory, which was completed by participants as self-report. To analyze the data, t-test, logistic regression, and ANOVA were used.
Results: Statistically significant differences were observed in the mean scores of perceived severity (p=0.004), perceived self-efficacy (P=0.000), perceived response efficacy (P=0.008), and protection motivation (P=0.01) based on the behavior. Moreover, the perceived severity (OR=1.12) and perceived rewards (OR=0.90) were the statistically significant predictors of Pap smear test among women in Shahre-e-kord city.
Conclusion: The study results confirmed the predictive role of protection motivation theory in the protective behavior of cervical cancer (Pap smear).
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/09/6 | Accepted: 2016/11/1 | Published: 2018/12/8

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