Volume 17, Issue 1 (5-2018)                   TB 2018, 17(1): 24-34 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghaneh B, Ghaneian M, MorrowatiSharifabad M, Dehvari M, Nikfard M, Amrollahi M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Drivers Towards Reduction of Fuel Consumption and Control of Car-Caused air Pollution in Yazd. TB. 2018; 17 (1) :24-34
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2231-en.html
, mtghaneian@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (217 Views)

Introduction: Motor vehicles are known as an important artificial source of air pollution, where personal cars account for 90% of total consumed energy in transportation system. Human factors have a critical role in car-caused air pollution. Therefore, the present study was conducted to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of drivers towards reduction of fuel consumption and control of car-caused air pollution in Yazd.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was conducted on drivers in Yazd city. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire including demographic variables, drivers' knowledge, attitude and practice. A simple random sampling was used and 250 questionnaires were completed. The data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software.
Results: According to obtained results, the drivers' knowledge, attitude and practice significantly increase as age increases (P-value>0.05). The average score of the KAP towards reduction of fuel consumption and control of car-caused air pollution was higher in men compared to women. The knowledge of drivers with less than 2 years driving experience was significantly less than others and the attitude score of drivers with more than 5 years driving experience was significantly higher. The score of knowledge of 186 drivers (74.4%) was average, and 161 (64.4%) had an average score of practice towards reduction of fuel consumption and control of car-caused air pollution. There was a statistically positive correlation between the drivers' KAP.
Conclusion: Regarding the results of the present study, the drivers' knowledge, attitude and practice towards ways of reducing fuel consumption and control of car-caused air pollution was found to be average, hence further education is required.
 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/08/14 | Accepted: 2016/11/2 | Published: 2018/05/15

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