Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2016)                   TB 2016, 15(2): 159-174 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman. , afkhami.abbas@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2263 Views)

Introduction: a retarded child is considered as a perishing pressure on the parents, hence, teaching these mothers is very important. One of the useful tasks to do for this, is teaching self-encouragement. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of self-encouragement on resilience and optimism of mothers with mental retardation.

Methods: The method was semi-experimental, pretest-posttest with a control group. The sample group included 24 mothers from Yazd city in 1393-94 with mentally retarded children volunteering (non-randomly) for the study and finally divided into control and experimental groups (fifteen people each). The resilience and optimism of the participants were assessed using CD-RISK Connor-Davidson’s resilience questionnaire and life orientation test LOT, respectively LOT and the experiment group was instructed the self-encouragement program for 1 sessions.

Results: Covariance analysis MANCOVA, ANCOVA in SPSS (ver. 22) of the data showed that the educational sessions had significant effect on resilience and optimism of the experimental group (p<0/05).

Conclusion: Accordingly, it can be concluded that teaching self-encouragement can lead to more resilience and optimism.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/07/19 | Accepted: 2016/07/19 | Published: 2016/07/19