Volume 12, Number 4 (3-2014)                   TB 2014, 12(4): 1-14 | Back to browse issues page

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Takdastan A, Eslami A, Ramezani Z, Taghi Moheb H. Biosorption of lead and Zink ions from Synthetic Aqueous Solutions by Ahvaz WWTP powdered activated sludge. TB. 2014; 12 (4) :1-14
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1710-en.html

MS.c Khuzestan University, Sciences and Research Branch, Ahvaz, Iran, , taghimoheb@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (651 Views)
Introduction: Since the existing methods to remove the hazardous material are associated with problems, recently, the tendency is to use Biosorption methods by Low-cost adsorbents: this was investigated in our project. This study was conducted to investigate the adsorption of lead and zinc from aqueous solution by using powdered excess sludge (biosolid) from sludge drying beds of municipal wastewater. Methods: Experiments were carried out as batch system with the shaker device at 20 to 26ºC and a stirring rate of 200 rpm by preparing solutions in 100 ml of sludge powder. The experiments were carried out with synthetic effluent prepared by zinc and lead standard solutions. Parameters affecting the adsorption of this research was determined by solution pH at 2 to 6, contact time 5 to 300 minutes, initial metal ion concentration 50, 100 and 150mg/l as well as determining the equilibrium adsorption. The pretreatment of biosolids consisted of dewatering, grinding and grainsizing with sieves (mesh dimensions between 120 and 230). Results: According to the results of biosorption process, maximum lead adsorption efficiency in 150 mg/l concentration was 98.8% at 5 minutes contact time, and maximum zinc adsorption efficiency in 50mg/l concentration, 35.6% at 30 minutes. The equilibrium time for lead ion was observed after 120 minutes, and 300 minutes for zinc ion. Optimum pH was found 4 and 6 for lead and zinc ions respectively. Optimum concentration of biosolid was observed in 2g/l with maximum adsorption efficiency of 98.7% and 4g/l with maximum adsorption efficiency of 72.7% for lead and zinc ions respectively. Freundlich Isotherm was an appropriate method to describe the adsorption for both metals. Langmuir isotherm is highly appropriate for zinc linear regression, and the results out of lead adsorption were far-reaching. Conclusion: According to the results, excess municipal sludge can be used as an available and very excellent adsorbent for lead ions, and also an appropriate adsorbent to remove zinc from effluents with average concentration in biosolids with low initial concentration of zinc.
Full-Text [PDF 278 kb]   (168 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/10/10 | Accepted: 2015/10/10 | Published: 2015/10/10

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