Volume 15, Number 4 (11-2016)                   TB 2016, 15(4): 170-183 | Back to browse issues page


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Nikpour G, Borjali A, Delavar A, Eskandari H, Zarghami M. Investigation the Basic and Cultural Causes of Comorbidity of Major Depression and Obsession in Patient Referring to Clinics and Medical Centers in Tehran. TB. 2016; 15 (4) :170-183
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1395-en.html

Ph.D S Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran , nikpoorg@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (603 Views)

Abstract

Introduction: The diagnosis of the disease from another disease for the patient and the therapist is very important and it happens in the diagnostic process.  When the disease has more than one disorder axis, we face with multiple diagnose or comorbidity. So, the research investigated underlying factors of comorbidity of OCD and major depression and cultural factors resulting the incidence of comorbidity of OCD and major depression.

 Methods: 300 patients were selected by targeted sampling from the patients referred to clinics and medical centers of psychology and psychiatry in Tehran, and responded to the questionnaire made by researcher for diagnosis of cultural factors of comorbidity of OCD and major depression, and Klinjer’s TCI test that measures natural elements and secretary personality. The data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression.

Results: The results showed that the lack of flexibility, perfection-seeking of parents and giving extreme importance to cleanliness have impact on the incidence of comorbidity of these disorders without interaction of these variables with other variables,. Also, in part of cultural factors (extreme importance to hygiene and cleanliness) and (intransigence and violence of the parents), and in the part of character and nature (persistence and perfection-seeking of parents) were predicted by regression model.

Conclusion: This study suggests that in the incidence of comorbidity of OCD and major depression, two cultural factors including the extreme importance of hygiene and cleanliness and perfection-seeking of parents interacting with an underlying of persistence leads to the comorbidity of this disorder.

Full-Text [PDF 211 kb]   (196 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/03/29 | Accepted: 2015/09/13 | Published: 2016/11/21

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