Volume 16, Issue 6 (3-2018)                   TB 2018, 16(6): 13-22 | Back to browse issues page

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, mali.mazrooei@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1319 Views)
Introduction: The sense of smell gives unexplainable quality to human life. The  impairment In this sense will create lot of problems. MRI and SPECT are two way of olfactory evaluation that none of the both is not Gold standard. Bayesian latent class model is the correct way to determine the diagnostic value of these tests.
Methods: MRI and SPECT tests performed on 63 patients eligible for the study that went from the beginning of July 2011 to the end of September 2012 to hospital Shahid Rahnemoun. The results ,as maximum likelihood function with prior distribution combines, using Markov chain Monte Carlo in winbugs 1.4.3 software. the median of the posterior distribution presented as the parameter estimates. Both dependent and independent conditional models  was compared using criterion DIC.
Results: The sensitivity and specificity of MRI to detect abnormal olfactory ,determined  in model conditional  depends , 58% and 89% respectively and 73% and 84% for SPECT. positive and negative predictive values were calculated for both the test.Convergence chains and goodness of fit of model using time-series charts and Brook–Gelman–Rubin and Bayesian p-value was confirmed. considering the lower criterion DIC for conditional dependence, this model was determined  the best fit to the data.
Conclusion: In Latent Class Model, different results are obtained from the when this model is not used. It is better that both conditional dependent and independent model fitted to the data, and finally were compared.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/01/14 | Accepted: 2015/02/14 | Published: 2018/03/14