Volume 15, Issue 3 (9-2016)                   TB 2016, 15(3): 54-66 | Back to browse issues page

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Baghianimoghadam M, Tavakoli B, Ayatollahi J, Mirzaei M. The effect of education based on the theory of planned behavior on preventive behaviors of cutaneous Leishmaniasis in mothers living in endemic city of Natanz. TB. 2016; 15 (3) :54-66
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2271-en.html
Shahid Sadoughi University Of Medical Sciences. , tavakoli.bfsh@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3997 Views)

Introduction: Due to the limited studies conducted on the educational interventions to change the preventive behaviors of cutaneous leishmaniasis(CL) as well as mothers' critical role in creating and maintaining these behaviors, this study aimed to determine the impact of education based on theory of planned behavior on preventive behaviors of CL in mothers living in endemic city of Natanz.

Methods: In this case experimental study, two health care centers in endemic areas of CL were randomly assigned into two groups of experimental and control. Using list of mothers covered by each center, 80 patients were selected by simple random sampling, who were required to complete a questionnaire that has been designed based on the theory of planned behavior, and its reliability and validity had been confirmed in the previous studies. Then 4 sessions were held for the experimental group mothers and 2 training sessions were held for people who influenced them, whereas control group received no interventions. Two months after training intervention, the study data were collected again and were analyzed using the SPSS software (ver. 18) via independent statistical t-test, paired t-test, Chi-square and Mann Whitney tests.

Results: Before the intervention, no significant differences were observed between the mean scores of different constructs of this theory in the two groups (p>0/005). Though after intervention, a significant increase was observed (p<0/005) in the mean score of knowledge, attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intention and action of groups and in control group, only a significant increase was observed in the mean scores of knowledge and attitude (p<0/005).

Conclusions: As the findings of the present study revealed, training based on theory of planned behavior can promote preventive behaviors of CL in mothers.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/09/18 | Accepted: 2016/09/18 | Published: 2016/09/18

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