Volume 15, Issue 6 (3-2017)                   TB 2017, 15(6): 135-144 | Back to browse issues page

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Shojaeefar H, YazdanPanah A, Vahdat S. Neonatal hypothyroidism and its related factors in infants born inYazd Province during the years 2013 to 2014. TB. 2017; 15 (6) :135-144
URL: http://tbj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2385-en.html
, Abbas_yaz@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2326 Views)
Introduction:Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the leading cause of preventable Mental retardation. Neonatal screening in the first days of life with early diagnosis prevents the decrease in IQ. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of CH and associated factors to helps policymakers and managers of health system.
Methods:This cross-sectional study was done on 51938 neonate in Yazd province during 2014-2015 by census. A blood sample from the heel is tested for TSH by Elisa method in Reference Laboratory.TSH less than 5 and 4 mmol is classified healthy neonate For aged 3-7 days and others respectively. Other TSH results were Suspicious for CH and followed. Age, sex, nationality, date of birth, birth weight, type of delivery, age of mother and Consanguineous of parents collected by questionnaire.For mean, standard deviation, frequency and percentage and Chi-square test were used Epi Info software. The significance level of p-value was considered less than 0.05 .
Results:From 51938 neonates, 51% were male and 95.9% Iranian. 93.5% neonates live in urban area and 26.1% parents are contagious.The prevalence of birth weight < 2500 gr was 6.7%. 58.4% of mothers is 20-29 years old. Cesarean section include 45.7% deliveries. prevalence of CH is 3.4 per 1000 live birth in Yazd that it had significant associated with birth weight, type of delivery & city of residence. CH was not associated With the season of birth, maternal age, nationality and sex 
Conclusion:Due to high prevalence of CH , health system manager and researcher Should pay more attention To determine the causes of disease. It is essential that diagnosis of transient and permanent type of CH was differentiated.Quality review and possible revision of the screening program in the implementation process is recommended.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/12/20 | Accepted: 2017/03/12 | Published: 2017/03/15

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